The 13 root name servers are operated by 12 independent organisations.
You can find more information about each of these organisations by visiting their homepage as found in the 'Operator' field below.

Root Servers Archives


Sites: 5
Frankfurt, DE Hong Kong, HK London, UK Los Angeles, US New York, US
IPv4: 198.41.0.4
IPv6: 2001:503:BA3E::2:30
26415
A Root YAML
Information Sciences Institute
Sites: 1
Los Angeles, USA
IPv4: 192.228.79.201
IPv6: 2001:500:84::b
B Root YAML
Cogent Communications
Sites: 8
Bratislava, SK Chicago, US Frankfurt, DE Herndon, US Los Angeles, US Madrid, ES New York, US Paris, FR
IPv4: 192.33.4.12
IPv6: 2001:500:2::C
2149
C Root YAML
University of Maryland
Sites: 100
Antananarivo, Madagascar Arusha, Tanzania Ashburn, US Atlanta, USA Auckland, New Zealand Banjul, Gambia Beirut, Lebanon Belize City, Belize Berlin, Germany Blantyre, Malawi Boston, USA Buenos Aires, Argentina Burbank, USA Cairo, Egypt Calgary, Canada Cape Town, South Africa Changi, Singapore Chicago, USA College Park, US Cordoba, Argentina Cotonou, Benin Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Dhaka, Bangladesh Dubai, UAE Dublin, Ireland Durban, South Africa Enfidha, Tunisia Frankfurt, Germany Gaza, Palestinian Territory Halifax, Canada Hong Kong, China Istanbul, Turkey Jacksonville, USA Jakarta, Indonesia Johannesburg, South Africa Kampala, Uganda Kathmandu, Nepal Khartoum, Sudan Kigali City, Rwanda Kingston, Jamaica Klagenfurt, Austria La Paz, Bolivia Lagos, Nigeria Leeds, United Kingdom London, United Kingdom Los Angeles, USA Luanda, Angola Lyon, France Manchester, United Kingdom Manila, Philippines McLean, USA Mexico City, Mexico Miami, USA Monrovia, Liberia Montreal, Canada Mumbai, India Munich, Germany Nairobi, Kenya Neuquen, Argentina New York, US Ottawa, Canada Palo Alto, US Perth, Australia Port Au Prince, Haiti Port Louis, Mauritius Port of Spain, Trinidad Port Vila, Vanuatu Portland, USA Prague, Czech Republic Reno, US Richmond, US Roseau, Dominica Saldanha Bay, South Africa San Francisco, USA San Jose, Costa Rica Seattle, USA Seoul, Korea Singapore, Singapore Sofia, Bulgaria St. George's, Grenada Sydney, Australia Tallinn, Estonia Tampere, Finland Tegucigalpa, Honduras Tokyo, Japan Toronto, Canada Tunis, Tunisia Turin, Italy Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland Wellington, New Zealand Windhoek, Namibia Winnipeg, Canada Zurich, CH
IPv4: 199.7.91.13
IPv6: 2001:500:2D::D
27
D Root YAML
NASA Ames Research Center
Sites: 57
Amsterdam, NL Ashburn, US Atlanta, US Atlanta, US Auckland, NZ Beaverton, US Beirut, LB Berlin, DE Boston, US Buenos Aires, AR Burbank, US Cape Town, ZA Chelmsford, US Chicago, US Chicago, US Dar es Salaam, TZ Denver, US Dhaka, BD Dublin, IE Frankfurt, DE Istanbul, TR Jakarta, ID Johannesburg, ZA Kathmandu, NP London, UK Los Angeles, US Manila, PH Maputo, MZ Miami, US Mountain View, US Munich, DE Nairobi, KE Nequen, AR New York, US Ottawa, CA Palo Alto, US Paris, FR Perth, AU Port Louis, MU Port of Spain, TT Prague, CZ Roseau, DO Santa Ana, US Seattle, US Seoul, KR Singapore, SG Singapore, SG Sofia, BG St. George's, GD Sydney, AU Tokyo, JP Toronto, CA Turin, IT Vienna, AT Warsaw, PL Wellington, NZ Zurich, CH
IPv4: 192.203.230.10
297
E Root YAML
Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
Sites: 58
Amsterdam, NL Atlanta, US Auckland, NZ Barcelona, ES Beijing, CN Brisbane, AU Buenos Aires, AR Cairo, EG Caracas, VE Chennai, IN Chicago, US Dar es Salaam, TZ Dhaka, BD Dubai, AE Frankfurt, DE Hong Kong, HK Jakarta, ID Johannesburg, ZA Karachi, PK Kuala Lumpur, MY Kyiv, UA Lagos, NG Lisbon, PT London, UK Los Angeles, US Luanda, Angola Madrid, ES Monterrey, MX Montevideo, UY Moscow, RU Nairobi, KE New York, US Osaka, JP Oslo, NO Ottawa, Canada Palo Alto, US Paris, FR Phnom Penh, KH Podgorica, ME Port au Prince, HT Prague, CZ Quito, EC Rome, IT San Jose, CR San Jose, US Santiago de Chile, CL Sao Paulo, BR Seoul, KR Singapore, SG St. Maarten, AN Suva, Fiji Taipei, TW Tel Aviv, IL Torino, IT Toronto, CA Ulan Bator, MN Warsaw, PL
IPv4: 192.5.5.241
IPv6: 2001:500:2f::f
3557
F Root YAML
U.S. DOD Network Information Center
Sites: 6
Columbus, US Fussa, JP Honolulu, US Naples, IT San Antonio, US Stuttgart-Vaihingen, DE
IPv4: 192.112.36.4
5927
G Root YAML
Sites: 2
Aberdeen Proving Ground, US San Diego, US
IPv4: 198.97.190.53
IPv6: 2001:500:1::53
1508
H Root YAML
Sites: 50
Amsterdam, NL Ankara, TR Ashburn, US Bangkok, TH Beijing, CN Belgrade, RS Brussels, BE Bucharest, RO Chicago, US Doha, QA Dubai, AE Frankfurt, DE Geneva, CH Helsinki, FI HongKong, CN Jakarta, ID Johannesburg, ZA Karachi, PK Kathmandu, NP Kiev, UA Kigali, RW Kuala Lumpur, MY London, UK Lulea, SE Luxembourg City, LU Manama, BH Manila, PH Miami, US Milan, IT Mumbai, IN Oslo, NO Paris, FR Perth, AU Port Vila, VU Porto Alegre, BR San Francisco, US Singapore, SG St Petersburg, RU Stockholm, SE Taipei, TW Tallinn, EE Thimphu, BT Tokyo, JP Ulaanbaatar, MN Washington DC, US Wellington, NZ Wien, AT Yerevan, AM
IPv4: 192.36.148.17
IPv6: 2001:7fe::53
29216
I Root YAML
Sites: 112
Amsterdam, NL Ashburn, US Athens, GR Atlanta, US Bangalore, IN Bangkok, TH Barcelona, ES Barueri, BR Beijing, CN Belgrade, RS Boston, US Brasilia,, BR Bratislava, SK Broadrun, US Bucharest, RO Buenos Aires, AR Cairo, EG Campina Grande, BR Cape Town, ZA Chicago, US Cochabamba, BO Cordoba City, AR Dallas, US Dar es Salaam, TZ Des Moines, US Dhaka, BD Djibouti City, DJ Dublin, IE Espoo, FI Geneva, CH Hangzhou, CN Hong Kong, CN Honolulu, US Ipoh, MY Itabaiana, BR Jakarta, ID Joao Pessoa, BR Johannesburg, ZA Juazeiro do Norte, BR Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, US Kaunas, LT Kigali City, RW Klagenfurt, AT Lagarto, BR Lagos, NG Lapu-Lapu City, PH Leeds, UK Limonest, FR Lisbon, PT Ljubljana, SI Luanda, AO Luxembourg, LU Madison, US Madrid, ES Male, MV Melbourne, AU Miami, US Milan, IT Moscow, RU Mumbai, IN Nairobi, KE New Castle, US New Delhi, IN North Sydney, AU Oslo, NO Pakkret, TH Paris, FR Perth, AU Porto Alegre, BR Prague, CZ Reno, US Reykjavik, IS Ribeirao Preto, BR Riga, LV Rio de Janeiro, BR Roma, IT Romblon, PH Salzburg, AT San Francisco, US San Jose, CR San Juan, PR Seattle, US Seoul, KP Singapore, SG Sofia, BG St George, US St Petersburg, RU Stockholm, SE Sydney, AU Tamuning, GU Tel Aviv, IL Tokyo, JP Turin, IT Warsaw, PL Wellington, NZ Yerevan, AM Zagreb, HR Zurich, CH
IPv4: 192.58.128.30
IPv6: 2001:503:c27::2:30
26415
J Root YAML
Sites: 40
Abovyan, AM Amsterdam, NL Athens, GR Barcelona, ES Belgrade, RS Brisbane, AU Budapest, HU Frankfurt, DE Gdynia, PL Geneva, CH Helsinki, FI Johannesburg, ZA Kansas City, US Karlsruhe, DE Kuwait City, KW London, UK Miami, US Milan, IT Montevideo, UY Noida, IN Novosibirsk, RU Paris, FR Poznan, PL Prague, CZ Reno, US Reykjavik, IS Riga, LV Saint Petersburg, RU Semey, KZ Semey, KZ St George, US Tehran, IR Tokyo, JP Vienna, AT Warsaw, PL Yerevan, AM Zurich, CH
IPv4: 193.0.14.129
IPv6: 2001:7fd::1
25152
K Root YAML
Sites: 153
Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire Al Muharraq, Bahrain Amman, Jordan Anchorage, United States Ankara, Turkey Apia, Samoa Asuncion, Paraguay Atlanta, United States Baku, Azerbaijan Bangkok, Thailand Beijing, People's Republic of China Beirut, Lebanon Belem, Brazil Belgrade, Serbia Belo Horizonte, Brazil Bogota, Colombia Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire Brasilia, Brazil Bratislava, Slovakia Brisbane, Australia Brussels, Belgium Callao, Peru Campinas, Brazil Cape Town, South Africa Chicago, United States Christchurch, New Zealand Copenhagen, Denmark Curitiba, Brazil Dakar, Senegal Dammam, Saudi Arabia Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Denver, United States Dortmund, Germany Dubai, United Arab Emirates Dundee, United Kingdom Dusseldorf, Germany El Prat de Llobregat, Spain Ezeiza, Argentina Florence, Italy Florianopolis, Brazil Fortaleza, Brazil Geneva, Switzerland Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands Hagatna, Guam Hamburg, Germany Heraklion, Greece Honiara, Solomon Islands Honolulu, United States Incheon, South Korea Islamabad-Rawalpindi, Pakistan Istanbul, Turkey Jakarta, Indonesia Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Johannesburg, South Africa Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, United States Kharkiv, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Kolkata, India Kolonia, Federated States of Micronesia Kuwait City, Kuwait Lahore, Pakistan Leeds-Bradford, England London, United Kingdom Londrina, Brazil Los Angeles, United States Lyon, France Mahe, Seychelles Maiquetia, Venezuela Malmo, Sweden Mandalay, Myanmar Mangere, New Zealand Marseille, France Mascot, Australia Melbourne, Australia Metro Manila, Philippines Miami, United States Mississauga, Canada Monterrey, Mexico Montevideo, Uruguay Moscow, Russia Mumbai, India Muscat, Oman Nadi, Fiji Nairobi, Kenya Natal, Brazil Noumea, New Caledonia Odessa, Ukraine Ottawa, Canada Papeete, French Polynesia Paris, France Paris-Orly, France Perth, Australia Phoenix, United States Plaisance, Mauritius Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea Portland, United States Porto, Portugal Porto Alegre, Brazil Prague, Czech Republic Punta Caucedo, Dominican Republic Quito, Ecuador Rabat, Morocco Reno, United States Reston, United States Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Rochester, England Rostov-on-Don, Russia Salvador, Brazil San Jose, United States San Jose, Costa Rica San Juan, Puerto Rico San Salvador, El Salvador Sana'a, Yemen Santiago, Chile Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil Sao Paulo, Brazil SeaTac, United States Semey, Kazakhstan St Denis, Reunion Stockholm, Sweden Suva-Nausori, Fiji Tokyo, Japan Toronto, Canada Tunis-Carthage, Tunisia Uberlandia, Brazil Ullensaker, Norway Vancouver, Canada Wilmington, United States Winnipeg, Canada Yangon, Myanmar Yekaterinburg, Russia Yerevan, Armenia Yogyakarta, Indonesia
IPv4: 199.7.83.42
IPv6: 2001:500:9f::42
20144
L Root YAML
Sites: 7
Osaka, JP Paris, FR San Francisco, US Seoul, KR Tokyo, JP
IPv4: 202.12.27.33
IPv6: 2001:dc3::35
7500
M Root YAML

Legend

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