The 13 root name servers are operated by 12 independent organisations.
You can find more information about each of these organisations by visiting their homepage as found in the 'Operator' field below.

Root Servers Archives


Sites: 5
Frankfurt, DE Hong Kong, HK London, UK Los Angeles, US New York, US
IPv4: 198.41.0.4
IPv6: 2001:503:BA3E::2:30
26415
A Root YAML
Information Sciences Institute
Sites: 1
Los Angeles, USA
IPv4: 192.228.79.201
IPv6: 2001:500:84::b
B Root YAML
Cogent Communications
Sites: 8
Bratislava, SK Chicago, US Frankfurt, DE Herndon, US Los Angeles, US Madrid, ES New York, US Paris, FR
IPv4: 192.33.4.12
IPv6: 2001:500:2::C
2149
C Root YAML
University of Maryland
Sites: 69
Ashburn, US Atlanta, USA Auckland, New Zealand Berlin, Germany Blantyre, Malawi Boston, USA Buenos Aires, Argentina Burbank, USA Cairo, Egypt Calgary, Canada Cape Town, South Africa Changi, Singapore Chicago, USA College Park, US Cordoba, Argentina Dhaka, Bangladesh Dubai, UAE Dublin, Ireland Frankfurt, Germany Hong Kong, China Istanbul, Turkey Jacksonville, USA Jakarta, Indonesia Johannesburg, South Africa Kathmandu, Nepal Khartoum, Sudan Kingston, Jamaica Klagenfurt, Austria La Paz, Bolivia Lagos, Nigeria London, United Kingdom Los Angeles, USA Lyon, France Manchester, United Kingdom Manila, Philippines McLean, USA Mexico City, Mexico Miami, USA Montreal, Canada Munich, Germany Neuquen, Argentina New York, US Ottawa, Canada Palo Alto, US Perth, Australia Port Vila, Vanuatu Portland, USA Prague, Czech Republic Roseau, Dominica Saldanha Bay, South Africa San Francisco, USA San Jose, Costa Rica Seattle, USA Seoul, Korea Singapore, Singapore Sofia, Bulgaria St. George's, Grenada Sydney, Australia Tallinn, Estonia Tampere, Finland Tokyo, Japan Toronto, Canada Tunis, Tunisia Turin, Italy Vienna, Austria Warsaw, Poland Wellington, New Zealand Winnipeg, Canada
IPv4: 199.7.91.13
IPv6: 2001:500:2D::D
27
D Root YAML
NASA Ames Research Center
Sites: 12
Atlanta, US Brussels, BE Cape Town, ZA Chicago, US London, UK Los Angeles, US Mountain View, US New York, US San Paulo, BR Seattle, US Sydney, AU Tokyo, JP
IPv4: 192.203.230.10
297
E Root YAML
Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.
Sites: 58
Amsterdam, NL Atlanta, US Auckland, NZ Barcelona, ES Beijing, CN Brisbane, AU Buenos Aires, AR Cairo, EG Caracas, VE Chennai, IN Chicago, US Dar es Salaam, TZ Dhaka, BD Dubai, AE Frankfurt, DE Hong Kong, HK Jakarta, ID Johannesburg, ZA Karachi, PK Kuala Lumpur, MY Kyiv, UA Lagos, NG Lisbon, PT London, UK Los Angeles, US Luanda, Angola Madrid, ES Monterrey, MX Moscow, RU Nairobi, KE New York, US Osaka, JP Oslo, NO Ottawa, Canada Palo Alto, US Panama City, PA Paris, FR Phnom Penh, KH Podgorica, ME Port au Prince, HT Prague, CZ Quito, EC Rome, IT San Jose, CR San Jose, US Santiago de Chile, CL Sao Paulo, BR Seoul, KR Singapore, SG St. Maarten, AN Suva, Fiji Taipei, TW Tel Aviv, IL Torino, IT Toronto, CA Ulan Bator, MN Warsaw, PL
IPv4: 192.5.5.241
IPv6: 2001:500:2f::f
3557
F Root YAML
U.S. DOD Network Information Center
Sites: 6
Columbus, US Fussa, JP Honolulu, US Naples, IT San Antonio, US Stuttgart-Vaihingen, DE
IPv4: 192.112.36.4
5927
G Root YAML
Sites: 2
Aberdeen Proving Ground, US San Diego, US
IPv4: 128.63.2.53
IPv6: 2001:500:1::803f:235
13
H Root YAML
Sites: 49
Amsterdam, NL Ankara, TR Ashburn, US Bangkok, TH Beijing, CN Belgrade, RS Brussels, BE Bucharest, RO Chicago, US Doha, QA Dubai, AE Frankfurt, DE Geneva, CH Helsinki, FI HongKong, CN Jakarta, ID Johannesburg, ZA Karachi, PK Kathmandu, NP Kiev, UA Kigali, RW Kuala Lumpur, MY London, UK Lulea, SE Manama, BH Manila, PH Miami, US Milan, IT Mumbai, IN Oslo, NO Paris, FR Perth, AU Port Vila, VU Porto Alegre, BR San Francisco, US Singapore, SG St Petersburg, RU Stockholm, SE Taipei, TW Tallinn, EE Thimphu, BT Tokyo, JP Ulaanbaatar, MN Washington DC, US Wellington, NZ Wien, AT Yerevan, AM
IPv4: 192.36.148.17
IPv6: 2001:7fe::53
29216
I Root YAML
Sites: 91
Amsterdam, NL Ashburn, US Athens, GR Atlanta, US Bangalore, IN Bangkok, TH Barcelona, ES Beijing, CN Belgrade, RS Boston, US Brasilia, BR Brussels, BE Bucharest, RO Buenos Aires, AR Cairo, EG Cape Town, ZA Chicago, US Chicago, US Chicago, US Dakar, SN Dallas, US Dar es Salaam, TZ Denver, US Dhaka, BD Dublin, IE Dulles, US Fribourg, CH Helsinki, FI Hong Kong, HK Honolulu, US Kalamazoo, US Kaunas, LT Klagenfurt, AT Kuala Lumpur, MY Lisbon, PT Ljubljana, SI Luxembourg City, LU Lyon, FR Madrid, ES Manila, PH Melbourne, AU Miami, US Milan, IT Montreal, CA Moscow, RU Mumbai, IN Mumbai, IN Nairobi, KE New Castle, US Oslo, NO Palo Alto, US Paris, FR Perth, AU Porto Alegre, BR Prague, CZ Quezon City, PH Reno, US Reykjavik, IS Riga, LV Rio de Janeiro, BR Rome, IT San Francisco, US San Jose, CR San Jose, US San Juan, PR Sao Paulo, BR Seattle, US Seoul, KR Singapore, SG Sofia, BG Stockholm, SE Sydney, AU Taipei, TW Tallinn, EE Tamuning, GU Tokyo, JP Toronto, CA Turin, IT Vancouver, CA Warsaw, PL Wellington, NZ Willemstad, CW Yerevan, AM Zagreb, HR
IPv4: 192.58.128.30
IPv6: 2001:503:C27::2:30
26415
J Root YAML
Sites: 24
Abu Dhabi, AE Amsterdam, NL Athens, GR Belgrade, RS Brisbane, AU Budapest, HU Doha, QA Frankfurt, DE Geneva, CH Helsinki, FI Kansas City, US London, UK Miami, US Milan, IT Noida, IN Novosibirsk, RU Poznan, PL Reykjavik, IS Semey, KZ Tehran, IR Tokyo, JP Vienna, Austria Yerevan, AM Zuerich, CH
IPv4: 193.0.14.129
IPv6: 2001:7fd::1
25152
K Root YAML
Sites: 150
Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire Al Muharraq, Bahrain Anchorage, United States Ankara, Turkey Asuncion, Paraguay Atlanta, United States Baku, Azerbaijan Bangkok, Thailand Beijing, People's Republic of China Beirut, Lebanon Belem, Brazil Belgrade, Serbia Belo Horizonte, Brazil Berlin, Germany Bogota, Colombia Boston, United States Bouake, Cote d'Ivoire Brasilia, Brazil Brisbane, Australia Brussels, Belgium Callao, Peru Campinas, Brazil Cape Town, South Africa Changi, Singapore Chelmsford, United States Chicago, United States Christchurch, New Zealand Copenhagen, Denmark Curitiba, Brazil Dakar, Senegal Dammam, Saudi Arabia Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Denver, United States Dortmund, Germany Dubai, United Arab Emirates Dublin, Ireland Dundee, United Kingdom Dusseldorf, Germany El Prat de Llobregat, Spain Ezeiza, Argentina Florianopolis, Brazil Fortaleza, Brazil Frankfurt, Germany Geneva, Switzerland Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands Hagatna, Guam Hamburg, Germany Heraklion, Greece Honiara, Solomon Islands Honolulu, United States Incheon, South Korea Islamabad-Rawalpindi, Pakistan Istanbul, Turkey Jakarta, Indonesia Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Johannesburg, South Africa Kharkiv, Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine Kolkata, India Lahore, Pakistan Langebaanweg, South Africa Leeds-Bradford, England London, United Kingdom Londrina, Brazil Los Angeles, United States Lyon, France Mahe, Seychelles Maiquetia, Venezuela Malmo, Sweden Mangere, New Zealand Marseille, France Mascot, Australia Melbourne, Australia Metro Manila, Philippines Miami, United States Mississauga, Canada Monterrey, Mexico Montevideo, Uruguay Moscow, Russia Munich, Germany Muscat, Oman Nadi, Fiji Narita, Japan Natal, Brazil Noumea, New Caledonia Odessa, Ukraine Ottawa, Canada Papeete, French Polynesia Paris, France Paris-Orly, France Paya Lebar, Singapore Perth, Australia Phoenix, United States Plaisance, Mauritius Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea Portland, United States Porto, Portugal Porto Alegre, Brazil Prague, Czech Republic Punta Caucedo, Dominican Republic Quito, Ecuador Reno, United States Reston, United States Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Rochester, England Rostov-on-Don, Russia Salvador, Brazil San Jose, United States San Jose, Costa Rica San Juan, Puerto Rico San Salvador, El Salvador Sana'a, Yemen Santa Ana, United States Santiago, Chile Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil Sao Paulo, Brazil SeaTac, United States Semey, Kazakhstan St Denis, France Stockholm, Sweden Suva-Nausori, Fiji Tallinn, Estonia Tampere-Pirkkala, Finland Tokyo, Japan Toronto, Canada Tunis-Carthage, Tunisia Uberlandia, Brazil Ullensaker, Norway Vancouver, Canada Warsaw, Poland Wilmington, United States Yekaterinburg, Russia Yerevan, Armenia Zurich, Switzerland
IPv4: 199.7.83.42
IPv6: 2001:500:3::42
20144
L Root YAML
Sites: 7
Osaka, JP Paris, FR San Francisco, US Seoul, KR Tokyo, JP
IPv4: 202.12.27.33
IPv6: 2001:dc3::35
7500
M Root YAML

Legend

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